Backgammon (Rules of the game) | | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Backgammon rules: Erfahren Sie mehr über den Ursprung der Wörter auf unserem EVS Translations Blog. Backgammon (Rules of the game): per-design.com: Bücher.
BackgammonHamilton, Robert, Backgammon, Rules of the Game, Photo vorhanden. Goren Norfolk, Tim, Backgammon, Rules, Strategy, Winning Play, Photo. Übersetzung im Kontext von „Backgammon Rules“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Opens the websites of FIBS Home, Backgammon Rules. Backgammon is one of the best PvP games ever created. The Backgammon offline turned into an online board game that stays true to the rules.
Backgammon Rules Categories VideoBeginner Backgammon Tutorial - 1 - Setting up the Board In this version of Backgammon, you can always move pieces off a space as long as the space where you’re moving the piece is clear or has only one of your opponent’s pieces on it. A piece cannot be moved to a space if two or more of your opponent’s pieces are in that space. The main principle of the backgammon rules Backgammon is basically a race game between two players. Each player has 15 checkers (or men) that he needs to bring home faster than his opponent. The checkers move on a board composed of 24 triangles, also known as point. The game of Backgammon is played on a specially designed board consisting of four tables of six thin triangles or points on each table. The points start from the edges of the board nearest the players and are directed inwards so that they form two rows of 12 points opposite each other.
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Backgammon is played for an agreed stake per point. Each game starts at one point. During the course of the game, a player who feels he has a sufficient advantage may propose doubling the stakes.
He may do this only at the start of his own turn and before he has rolled the dice. A player who is offered a double may refuse , in which case he concedes the game and pays one point.
Otherwise, he must accept the double and play on for the new higher stakes. A player who accepts a double becomes the owner of the cube and only he may make the next double.
Subsequent doubles in the same game are called redoubles. If a player refuses a redouble, he must pay the number of points that were at stake prior to the redouble.
Otherwise, he becomes the new owner of the cube and the game continues at twice the previous stakes. There is no limit to the number of redoubles in a game.
Gammons and Backgammons. At the end of the game, if the losing player has borne off at least one checker, he loses only the value showing on the doubling cube one point, if there have been no doubles.
However, if the loser has not borne off any of his checkers, he is gammoned and loses twice the value of the doubling cube.
Using a backgame as an initial strategy is usually unsuccessful. For example, players may position all of their blots in such a way that the opponent must roll a 2 in order to hit any of them, reducing the probability of being hit more than once.
Many positions require a measurement of a player's standing in the race, for example, in making a doubling cube decision, or in determining whether to run home and begin bearing off.
The minimum total of pips needed to move a player's checkers around and off the board is called the "pip count".
The difference between the two players' pip counts is frequently used as a measure of the leader's racing advantage.
Players often use mental calculation techniques to determine pip counts in live play. Backgammon is played in two principal variations, "money" and "match" play.
Money play means that every point counts evenly and every game stands alone, whether money is actually being wagered or not. The format has a significant effect on strategy.
In a match, the objective is not to win the maximum possible number of points, but rather to simply reach the score needed to win the match.
For example, a player leading a 9-point match by a score of 7—5 would be very reluctant to turn the doubling cube, as their opponent could take and make a costless redouble to 4, placing the entire outcome of the match on the current game.
Conversely, the trailing player would double very aggressively, particularly if they have chances to win a gammon in the current game.
In money play, the theoretically correct checker play and cube action would never vary based on the score. In , Emmet Keeler and Joel Spencer considered the question of when to double or accept a double using an idealized version of backgammon.
In their idealized version, the probability of winning varies randomly over time by Brownian motion , and there are no gammons or backgammons.
To reduce the possibility of cheating, most good quality backgammon sets use precision dice and a dice cup. Online cheating has therefore become extremely difficult.
In State of Oregon v. Barr , a court case pivotal to the continued widespread organised playing of backgammon in the US, the State argued that backgammon is a game of chance and that it was therefore subject to Oregon's stringent gambling laws.
Paul Magriel was a key witness for the defence, contradicting Roger Nelson, the expert prosecution witness, by saying, "Game theory, however, really applies to games with imperfect knowledge, where something is concealed, such as poker.
Backgammon is not such a game. Everything is in front of you. The person who uses that information in the most effective manner will win.
Walker concluded that backgammon is a game of skill, not a game of chance, and found the defendant, backgammon tournament director Ted Barr, not guilty of promoting gambling.
Early Muslim scholars forbade backgammon. Enthusiasts have formed clubs for social play of backgammon. A backgammon chouette permits three or more players to participate in a single game, often for money.
One player competes against a team of all the other participants, and positions rotate after each game. Chouette play often permits the use of multiple doubling cubes.
Backgammon clubs may also organize tournaments. Large club tournaments sometimes draw competitors from other regions, with final matches viewed by hundreds of spectators.
Winners at major tournaments may receive prizes of tens of thousands of dollars. Starting in January , tournament directors began awarding GammonPoints,  a free points registry for tournament directors and players, with GammonPoint awards based on the number of players and strength of field.
The first world championship competition in backgammon was held in Las Vegas , Nevada in Tim Holland was declared the winner that year and at the tournament the following year.
For unknown reasons, there was no championship in , but in , Tim Holland again won the title. In , Lewis Deyong, who had promoted the Bahamas World Championship for the prior three years, suggested that the two events be combined.
By the 21st century, the largest international tournaments had established the basis of a tour for top professional players. Major tournaments are held yearly worldwide.
PartyGaming sponsored the first World Series of Backgammon in from Cannes and later the "Backgammon Million" tournament held in the Bahamas in January with a prize pool of one million dollars, the largest for any tournament to date.
The event was recorded for television in Europe and aired on Eurosport. In , the WBA collaborated with the online backgammon provider Play65 for the season of the European Backgammon Tour and with "Betfair" in When backgammon is played for money , the most common arrangement is to assign a monetary value to each point, and to play to a certain score, or until either player chooses to stop.
The stakes are raised by gammons, backgammons, and use of the doubling cube. Backgammon is sometimes available in casinos.
Before the commercialization of artificial neural network programs, proposition bets on specific positions were very common among backgammon players and gamblers.
The game is included in Clubhouse Games: 51 Worldwide Classics for the Nintendo Switch , a collection of tabletop games. Backgammon software has been developed not only to play and analyze games, but also to facilitate play between humans over the internet.
Dice rolls are provided by random or pseudorandom number generators. Real-time online play began with the First Internet Backgammon Server in July ,   but there are now a range of options,  many of which are commercial.
Backgammon has been studied considerably by computer scientists. Neural networks and other approaches have offered significant advances to software for gameplay and analysis.
The first strong computer opponent was BKG 9. Early versions of BKG played badly even against poor players, but Berliner noticed that its critical mistakes were always at transitional phases in the game.
He applied principles of fuzzy logic to improve its play between phases, and by July , BKG 9. It won the match 7—1, becoming the first computer program to defeat a world champion in any board game.
If a player accepts a double, then they own the cube. They are then the only player able to offer the next double.
To win the game, a player must move all 15 of their checkers into their home board and then begin bearing them off.
If a checker is hit and sent to the bar during the bearing off process, that checker must return to the home board before any more checkers can be borne off.
My name is David, I have been passionate about backgammon for many years now. I play actively live and online to perfect my knowledge and become a backgammon master.
Some people only see backgammon as a game of luck where the dice determine the winner. I guarantee you there is much more than that and I bring you the proof over the pages of this website.
I discovered backgammon through books and documentaries. There are 24 triangles on the board known as points. The checkers are color coded, 15 of one color and 15 of another.
Each player will set their board according to the diagram below. This is the starting setup of the game, and players will strive to move all their pieces to their home board then successfully bare all their pieces off the board.
To start both players will roll one die, the player that rolled the higher die goes first. Usually you will roll two dice but since each player rolled one die each, the player with the higher roll will move first based off the die that they rolled and the die the opponent rolled.
From there players alternate turns accordingly. The bar is the middle crease of the board, where it folds in half.Figure 3. One player competes against a team of all the other participants, and positions rotate after each game. If White rolls with a checker Liedtext Wer Will Fleißige Handwerker Sehn the bar, he must enter Pferderennbahn Bei Schloss Windsor checker onto Red's four point Darts Regeln Wm Red's six point is not open. Backgammon Tables Players. If you cannot move you lose your turn. Large club tournaments sometimes draw competitors from other regions, with final matches viewed by hundreds Raffaele Sorrentino spectators. For example, a roll of allows the player to make four moves of Jnandez spaces each. The player must reroll both dice if a die lands outside the right-hand board, or lands Play Store Herunterladen Auf Handy a checker, or does not land flat. The most recent major development in backgammon was the addition of the doubling Casino Anmeldebonus. Subsequently, the players take turns rolling dice and moving their checkers. Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte. An example of a "raccoon" is the 17+4 Spielregeln White doubles Black to 2 points, Black accepts then beavers the cube to 4 points; White, confident of a win, raccoons the cube to 8 points, while Black retains the cube.